Odd Meters

Whereas most modern music is built on a 4/4 meter (however accented or syncopated), MATH DRUMMING places focus on non-standard time signatures such as 7/8, 11/8, or 13/8.


Polyrhythms are the simultaneous occurrence of two or more sharply contrasting rhythms within a music composition.

Grids & Warmups

Counting is extremely important in MATH DRUMMING. Grids are often used as a supplemental warmup for developing accuracy and fluidity.

Fractional Time

Fractional time signatures containing a partial beat-such as ¼, ½, ⅔, or ¾ (or their decimal equivalents)-are typically used as a tool for "flipping" the beat in the following measure.

Irrational Rhythms

Irrational rhythms are rhythms that involve dividing the beat into a different number of equal subdivisions from that usually permitted by the time signature.

Beat Flips

Flipping the beat is typically associated with a drummer who confuses the upbeat or backbeat with the downbeat. However, when used stylistically, beat flips can achieve a sense of fluctuation in pulse.

Mixed Meters

A different time signature at the beginning of each bar, resulting in a music phrase with an irregular rhythmic feel.